The Feast of First Fruits—HaBikkurim
This feast is also intertwined with Pesach and Hag Ha Matzah. It occurs 3 days and three nights after Pesach. Leviticus 23:10-12. 10Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 11And he shall wave the sheaf before YaHoVaH (the LORD), to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto YaHuWaH, the (LORD).
1st spring harvest is of barley, or the 1st fruit of the year.
First I want to share with you the Hebrew Rehearsals that were done for hundreds of years, generation after generation—UNTIL our savior, Y’shua HaMaschiach fulfilled them all and so they are not still rehearsed.
This feast is also intertwined with Pesach and Hag Ha Matzah. It occurs 3 days after Pesach. Leviticus 23:10-12. 10Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 11And he shall wave the sheaf before YaHuWaH (the LORD), to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto YaHuWaH (the LORD).
Later on in the evening after the Passover Seder, (which is eaten at sundown after the lambs are slain) certain Priests would go out to the Kidron Valley where the barley was planted for the ceremonial offerings. There would be a great procession and each would take with them a ceremonial cord for binding the sheaves of barley that they intended to make the First Fruit Offering with.
They would process over the temporary bridge they made for this access to the barley field and they would spread out in the barley field. The lead priest would say something like, “Are you here to bind the First Fruits?”
The twelve would answer, “Yea, to bind the First Fruits!”
“Do you have your binding cords?”
The twelve would hold up their respective cords and say, “Yea, we have the cords!”
Then the lead priest would announce: “Bind them!”
Each priest would gather a sheaf of barley and tie the cord around it, but not cut it.
Then they would be asked by the leader: “Have you bound the first fruit barley?”
They replied, “Yea, we have bound them!”
Then they would file into the same order and process back over to the Temple, say some prayers and then were released to return to their homes.
Late in the evening after three days and on the third night, they would go to the barley field in another procession and would make a big presentation of harvesting the barley sheaves which were bound.
It went something like this:
Leader would ask, “Are you prepared to harvest the first fruits of the barley?”
“Yea, we are prepared!”
“Do you have your sickle?” “Yea, we have the sickle!” they replied as they raised them up over their heads.
“Do you have your baskets?” “Yea, we have the baskets!”
“Harvest the Barley First Fruit Offering!”
Each priest would use the sickle to cut the bundled barley sheaf. After the ceremony they would process back to the Temple and certain priests would have the duty to prepare the cakes for offering the HaBikkurim or First Fruit Offering which was ceremoniously carried out on the next morning—early in the morning!
They took the barley that they made into cakes and some of the barley that was not made into cakes but left as a sheaf. The Priest waves and violently shakes the sheaf of the first fruit to make a declaration with it to the Lord.
Do you see the parallels in this rehearsal? Y’shua fulfilled this Feast exactly!
Let me go over some of this with you…
Y’shua is the First Fruit of the Resurrection so it is befitting that He resurrected to His Father in Heaven on the Day of First Fruits. (Remember this was ceremoniously performed on the first day after three days and three nights have passed! In the year that our Messiah was crucified, this would be Sunday morning, but it could have easily been any other day depending on what day of the week that Passover fell on. It just HAS to be after three days and three nights have passed.
Every Feast day is considered to be a special Sabbath according to scripture and it doesn’t matter which day of the week it occurs. In this way we can understand the regulations regarding the handling of the Body of Messiah at His crucifixion and subsequent burial.
His Body had to be removed from the stake, cared for and put in a place of rest all before sundown on the day of special Sabbath. (Passover, which is celebrated by eating the family’s lamb and the Seder of Passover at sundown)
However, the Lord of the Sabbath was raised on the Sabbath, but went to His Father to fulfill the Feast of First Fruits to the day and the hour -on HaBikkurim ! ICorinthians 15:20-23 20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Messiah’s at his coming.
Colossians 1:15 15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Y’shua is the 1st begotten of the dead as seen in Revelation 1:5 5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 52: And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 53: And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. 54: Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God.”
We read how that the people witnessed Prophets of the Old Testament walking around Jerusalem on the third day! (see the words, after his resurrection? Yes! That’s it!)
These are the First Fruits or the Redeemed from the Earth that we read about in the Book of Revelation and which were shaken when the Father caused the earth to quake when His Son gave up the Ghost.
After the Messiah went to the place where the dead waited, (a.k.a. the Bosom of Abraham), He preached to them and the ones who received Him became the Redeemed of the Earth. (144,000 as explained in the following verses.)
In Revelation 14:3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
AND continuing on: Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with woman, they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb, withersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto YaHoVaH and to the Lamb.
We read in Matthew 28:1 how the women went to the tomb on the first day of the week. Our Sunday is the 1st day of the week. 1In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
The Priest waves and violently shakes the sheaf of the first fruit. In Matthew 28:2 we see the parallel; 2And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
At exactly the precise time, then He rose to His Father, placed His Blood on the Mercy Seat AND The First Fruits joined Him!
The 7th day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread was the Crossing of the Red Sea.
At that time an omer of manna was harbored inside the Ark of the Covenant as God commanded Moses to be a remembrance for the generations. Exodus 16:33-36 33And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 34As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. 36Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.
- The Hebrew word for sheaf is “omer”, which is a measure of dry things equal to a tenth of an ephah. (an ephah then is equivalent to 10 omers of grain.
- Why the counting of the Omer? It all leads us to The Feast of Pentecost or Shavuot which comes 50 days after the day of Pesach!
Feast of Unleavened Bread (Hag Ha Matzah) is another of the spring feasts and intertwines with Pesach. On Nissan 14 the Passover Lamb is to be slaughtered but beginning 4 days prior to that day the lambs are to be inspected to determine the perfect one to be selected for the sacrifice. It had to be without spot or blemish, a male of the 1st year. Exodus 12:3-5
- Y’shua was the lamb of God and that is why He was born in a manger. John 1:29 ICorinthians 5:7
- He was inspected as decreed by God, and as found in the scriptures and He fulfilled all things.
- Matthew 22:15-22 15Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk. 16And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men. 17Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? 18But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? 19Show me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny. 20And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? 21They say unto him, Caesar’s. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s. 22When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.
- Mathew 22:23-30 23The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, 24Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 25Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: 26Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh. 27And last of all the woman died also. 28Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her. 29Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. 30For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. 31But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, 32I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. 33And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.
- Mathew 22: 41-46 41While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David. 43He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, 44The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? 45If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? 46And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.
- So, we see here that the Pharisees, Sadducees and an educated lawyer all tried Him to see if He was an accurate teacher/Rabbi of the Law. The Lamb was inspected…
- The Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the day after the Lamb was killed and eaten.
- The sacrifice was slaughtered at the 9th hour, (3pm) between the evenings.
- Y’shua gave up the ghost at the 9th hour exactly 3pm on the day of Passover. Mathew 27:46, 50
- That is also the day that the Israelites made their exodus from Egypt.
- The 7th day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread was the Crossing of the Red Sea.
The Feast is a Memorial Forever (a remembrance)
I Corinthians 11:24-26 24And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. 25After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. 26For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord’s death till he come.
The Communion table is the celebration of the fulfilled Feast of Pesach, which in turn fulfilled the MelchiZadek Priesthood in Y’shua! He was the physical fulfillment of the Righteous King!
When Y’shua blessed and revered YHVH and broke bread with the two disciples that we know of as the fools on the road to Emmaus, we know that they recognized Him and He disappeared in their sight! They recognized Him because He did this with them every Shabbat night! He said the Kiddush Prayers every Shabbat!
He was telling His talmidim that He is the Messiah, the Passover Lamb, the MelchiZedek ….THE RIGHTEOUS KING AND THE ONLY WORTHY ONE !!!
The ONE sacrifice able to satisfy the perfection required for the wrath of God to be abated…the renewing of intimacy with God. (In the times of the “Holy Roman Empire”, they made it illegal to celebrate any of the Feasts of the Lord or to worship together on Shabbat, (Saturday, the 7th Day). They changed the Kiddush Prayers of Shabbat into the Communion of their Sunday mass.