The Feast of First Fruits—HaBikkurim
This feast is also intertwined with Pesach and Hag Ha Matzah. It occurs 3 days after Pesach. Or on the day after the Sabbath of Passover. Leviticus 23:10-12. 10Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 11And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
- 1st spring harvest is of barley, or the 1st fruit of the year.
- Y’shua is the First Fruit of the Resurrection so it is befitting that He rose from the dead on the Day of First Fruits. The Lord of the Sabbath was raised on the Sabbath, but went to His Father to fulfill the Feast of First Fruits to the day and the hour -on HaBikkurim ! ICorinthians 15:20-23 20But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 21For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 23But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.
- Colossians 1:15 15Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
- Y’shua is the 1st begotten of the dead as seen in Revelation 1:5 5And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
- Y’shua fulfilled the Feast of HaBikkurim. He was crucified on Pesach, remained in the grave three days and resurrected on the Feast of First Fruits.
- Every feast day is considered to be a special Sabbath according to scripture and it doesn’t matter which day of the week it occurs. In this way we can understand the regulations regarding the handling of the Body of Messiah at His crucifixion and subsequent burial.
- His Body had to be removed from the stake, cared for and put in a place of rest all before sundown on the day of special Sabbath. (Passover)
- We read in Matthew 28:1 how the women went to the tomb on the first day of the week. Our Sunday is the 1st day of the week. 1In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
- The Priest waves and violently shakes the sheaf of the first fruit. In Matthew 28:2 we see the parallel; 2And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
- We read how that the people witnessed Prophets of the Old Testament walking around Jerusalem on the third day! These are the First Fruits or the Redeemed from the Earth that we read about in the Book of Revelation.
- Just as the High Priests or the Kohen Gadol rehearsed this for generations when they came out after they ate of the Pesach meal, they would make a procession down to the barley fields in Jerusalem. With great ceremony they would bind up 12 sheaves and tie them. These specific sheaves were to be the ones cut and offered on the third day or what is known as: Ha Bikkurim also, Feast of First Fruits.
- After the Messiah went to the place where the dead waited, He preached to them and the ones who received Him became the Redeemed of the Earth. 144,000
- then He rose to His Father, placed His Blood on the Mercy Seat and the Earthquake shook the earth. The First Fruits joined Him!
The 7th day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread was the Crossing of the Red Sea.
An omer of manna was harbored inside the Ark of the Covenant as God commanded Moses to be a remembrance for the generations. Exodus 16:33-36 33And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 34As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. 36Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.
- The Hebrew word for sheaf is “omer”, which is a measure of dry things equal to a tenth of an ephah. (an ephah then is equivalent to 10 omers of grain.
- Why the counting of the Omer? It all leads us to The Feast of Pentecost or Shavuot which comes 50 days after the day of Pesach!
Feast of Unleavened Bread (Hag Ha Matzah) is another of the spring feasts and intertwines with Pesach. On Nissan 14 the Passover Lamb is to be slaughtered but beginning 4 days prior to that day the lambs are to be inspected to determine the perfect one to be selected for the sacrifice. It had to be without spot or blemish, a male of the 1st year. Exodus 12:3-5
- Y’shua was the lamb of God and that is why He was born in a manger. John 1:29 ICorinthians 5:7
- He was inspected as decreed by God, and as found in the scriptures and He fulfilled all things.
- Matthew 22:15-22 15Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk. 16And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men. 17Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? 18But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? 19Show me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny. 20And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? 21They say unto him, Caesar’s. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s. 22When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.
- Mathew 22:23-30 23The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, 24Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 25Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: 26Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh. 27And last of all the woman died also. 28Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her. 29Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. 30For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. 31But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, 32I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. 33And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.
- Mathew 22: 41-46 41While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David. 43He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, 44The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? 45If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? 46And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.
- So, we see here that the Pharisees, Saducees and an educated lawyer all tried Him to see if He was an accurate teacher/Rabbi of the Law. The Lamb was inspected…
- The Feast of Unleavened Breadbegins the day after the Lamb was killed and eaten.
- The sacrifice was slaughtered at the 9th hour, (3pm) between the evenings.
- Y’shua gave up the ghost at the 9th hour exactly 3pm on the day of Passover. Mathew 27:46, 50
- That is also the day that the Israelites made their exodus from Egypt.
- The 7th day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread was the Crossing of the Red Sea.
The Feast is a Memorial Forever (a remembrance)
- ICorinthians 11:24-26 24And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. 25After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. 26For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord’s death till he come.
- The Communion table is the celebration of the fulfilled Feast of Pesach.
- When Y’shua broke the middle matzah of the separated ceremonial matzahs, we know that He was telling His talmidim that He is the Messiah, the Passover Lamb, the Afikomen.
- When He drank from the cup of Redemption and passed it to His talmidim they understood that He was the Son of God the Messiah, who would take away their sins. The ONE sacrifice able to satisfy the perfection required for the wrath of God to be abated…the renewing of intimacy with God.